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Police System In India
Arising from the introduction of daroga headed system of thanas by Lord Charles Cornwallis (1792), followed up by the establishment of The Indian Imperial Police force stands the foundation of the Indian Police Services. A foundation which evolved in its objective from suppressing the uprising national revolutions for the independence of India to eventually law enforcement, maintaining order and prevention and detection of criminal conducts for the independent India. Unfortunately, the unsympathetic and acquisitive character still lingers in the roots of this system as it did under the colonial rule, and the general public still remain somewhat distrustful and repugnant towards what once stood as their tormenter.
Indian police force sports highest custodial deaths. The practice of physical coercion against the suspects of criminal conducts is a general practice for extracting confessions out of them. The victims of such violence are usually the people belonging to the lower classes. Along with these inhumanly conducts the Indian police also sports extremely corrupted system which usually targets the livelihood of the victim. Extortion of money by policemen through corruptive measures is a general phenomenon. Bribe is like a secondary source of income.
Behind such contemptible data stands another set of data as to the conditions the Indian police works, which is nothing less than hostile. There are only 138 policemen per lakh people which is one of the lowest in the world.
This, along with the demand of quick results by the population, puts the police under tremendous pressure. The enforcement injustice also becomes the need of the moment when the officers on duty are attacked by angry mobs carrying weapons. The rising figures as to the depression and anxiety patients among the police force and increasing number of police suicides are pretty worrisome in themselves. The new grade of politics is not helping either. The police force works under constant fear of the political powers. This leads to lack of efficiency in workforce.
The Indian police is continuously being grinded between the apathetic population, indifferent government and scarce survival.
By :- Anima Singh Charan